Sudan Culture


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Culture
South Sudan’s population is one of the most diverse on the African continent, with many ethnic/tribal subdivisions and language groups. This diversity contributes to the country’s culture but at the same time makes collaboration between the groups a major political challenge.
Below is a list of tribes within South Sudan:
Acholi, Adio (Makaraka), Aja, Anyuak (Anyuaa), Atuot (Reel), Avukaya, Azande, Bai, Baka, Balanda-Boor, Balanda-Bviri, Banda, Bari, Binga, Bongo, Didinga, Dinka (Jieng), Dongotona, Feroghe, Gollo, Ifoto, Imatong, Indri, Jiye, Jurbiel (beli), Jurchol (Luo), Kakwa, Kara, Keliku, Kuku, Lango, Larim (Boya), Logir, Lokoya, Lopit, Lotuka (Otuho), Lugbwara, Lulubo, Maban, Madi, Mananger, Mangayat, Moro, Moro Kodo, Mundari, Mundu, Murle, Ndogo, Ngulngule, Nuer (Naath), Nyangatom, Nyangwara, Pari, Pojullo, Sere, Shatt, Shilluk (chollo), Suri (kachipo), Tenet, Tid, Toposa, Uduk, Woro, Yulu.
According to the disputed census of 2008, South Sudan’s population reached over 8 million people. Southerners consider this to be a gross under estimation of their numbers. The most reliable census before independence in 1956 put the number of Southerners to 5 million out of 15 million for the whole country. So Southerners have always considered their population at 1/3 of the population, the basis for the sharing of power and wealth in the comprehensive Peace Agreement, CPA, of January 2005.
Art, Music, Books, Poetry & Cultural Fashion
South Sudanese are generally artistic people. Despite the war, they have not lost their passion for both entertainment and fine arts.
Since time immemorial, The Sudanese people have curved on stones and wood, wove baskets with papyrus reeds, and molded pots from clay. Even in the present modern world, we find many fine artists, some never even sat in a class room and others fortunate enough to enhance their skills: all of which have made wonderful works.
Fine artists like James Aguer paint faces (with traditional identity marks) of various ethnic communities to preserve cultures; others pass messages of hygiene, HIV/AIDS and other issues of national concern through their art.
South Sudanese music industry is still very young and mostly influenced by different cultures as people come back from different countries. However, traditional music is still very much around. The music is therefore a mixture of folklore and hip hop music, as presented here on our pages.
 It is safe to say that in no time, South Sudanese music will be the richest and the most enjoyed music across the world as almost everyone will identify with it, thanks to the dispersion of the South Sudanese people across the world that allowed them to get assimilated to different cultures.
Several South Sudanese writers like Jacob J. Akol, Francis Deng Mading, Abel Alier, to mention just a few have written quite a number of inspiring books. Most of these are outlined on these pages. Several Poets like Edward Lino have also written outstanding poems.
South Sudan is also not left behind on the fashion industry. Our very own Alek Wek has carried the South Sudan flag high, followed by winners of several beauty queens across the world and inside South Sudan; beauty pageants like Miss Malaika, Miss Tourism and several others have given young girls an opportunity to represent and market their country in international beauty pageants. There are also upcoming South Sudanese designers like Nyanut Bol.

Even though there is not much material collected on this yet, it is worth mentioning that wonderful works by South Sudanese artists do exist, some of which are presented in these pages.