The Southern Sudan gorvenment.


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Government
Salva Kiir Mayardit, the first elected President of South Sudan
The now defunct Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly ratified a Transitional Constitution shortly before independence on 7 July 2011. The Constitution was signed by the President on Independence Day and thereby came into force. This is the supreme law of the land, superseding the Interim Constitution of 2005. The constitution establishes a mixed presidential system of government headed by a President who is Head of State, Head of Government, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. It also established the National Legislature comprising two Houses: a directly elected assembly, the National Legislative Assembly; and a second chamber of representatives of the States, the Council of States. John Garang, the founder of the SPLA/M was the first President of the autonomous government until his death on 30 July 2005. Salva Kiir Mayardit (surname Kiir), his deputy, was sworn in as First Vice President of Sudan and President of the Government of Southern Sudan on 11 August 2005. Riek Machar (surname Machar) replaced him as Vice President. Legislative power is vested in the government and the bicameral National Legislature. The Constitution also provides for an independent judiciary, the highest organ being the Supreme Court.
Military
A Defense paper was initiated in 2011 by then Minister for SPLA Affairs Majak Agoot Atem, and a draft was produced in 2008. It declared that Southern Sudan would eventually maintain land, air, and riverine forces.
Capital City
The capital of South Sudan is located at Juba, which is also the state capital of Central Equatoria and the county seat of the eponymous Juba County, as well as being the country's largest city. However, due to poor infrastructure and massive urban overgrowth in the city, as well as its lack of centrality within South Sudan, the Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan adopted a resolution in February 2011 to study the creation of a new planned city to act as the seat of the government. This proposed project is functionally similar to those which resulted in the construction of Abuja, Nigeria; Naypyidaw, Myanmar; and Brasília, Brazil; among other national capitals planned and built in the modern era. It is unclear where the government will come up with funding for the project.
In September 2011, a spokesman for the government said the country's political leaders had accepted a proposal to build a new capital at Ramciel, a place in Lakes state near the borders with Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, and Jonglei. Ramciel is considered to be the geographical center of the country, and the late pro-independence leader John Garang allegedly had plans to relocate the capital there before his death in 2005. The proposal was supported by the Lakes state government and at least one Ramciel tribal chief. The design, planning, and construction of the city will likely take as many as five years, government ministers said, and the move of national institutions to the new capital will be implemented in stages.